Difference between revisions of "NetBSD"

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(c33ris2's gentle guide to installing NetBSD in a prgmr DomU (January 2009))
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== c33ris2's gentle guide to installing NetBSD in a prgmr DomU (January 2009) ==
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Kick the tires and light the fires, polrebm officially solved!
Note: By June 2010 (or earlier) <b><i>some</i></b> of the dom0 hosts have packed the installer files into the /distros collection available to many recovery images. In these cases, the fetching activity is no longer required.
 
 
 
'''Note:''' for mantle/chessboard users: Mantle is currently running Xen 4.0.1. There is a [http://mail-index.netbsd.org/port-xen/2010/06/15/msg006105.html bug] in NetBSD that [http://lists.xensource.com/archives/html/xen-users/2010-08/msg00076.html breaks networking] when running in a Xen4 domU.
 
 
 
'''Note:''' what Xen version is marshall?  It also has the issue.
 
 
 
'''Note:''' A -current NetBSD kernel is required to run under Xen 4.x.  When NetBSD 6 is released, these notes will go away.  -current is for EXPERTS ONLY.
 
 
 
'''Note:''' Daily binary kernels (and bootable installers) with Xen 4.x compatibility are available at http://nyftp.netbsd.org/pub/NetBSD-daily/netbsd-5/201110240510Z/ and later.
 
 
 
===Getting Started===
 
Installing NetBSD as DomU is easy, but not trivial.
 
 
 
Boot your preconfigured system, in order to discover, and note for later use, YOUR_IP, NETMASK, GATEWAY, and NAMESERVER as follows:
 
<pre>
 
Run 'ifconfig eth0' and note your "inet addr" and "Mask" values.
 
Run 'route' or 'ip route' and note the IP of the default gateway.
 
Run 'cat /etc/resolv.conf' and note the IP of the nameserver
 
</pre>
 
 
 
From [[Prgmr_menu|the control menu on your dom0 host]], destroy/shutdown the instance, and restart ("create/start") it, selecting the "rescue" option from the bootloader. Login as 'root'.
 
 
 
Your fixed disk, as known to the linux rescue image, is /dev/xvda. Later, when booted to the NetBSD installer, it is identified as /dev/xbd0.
 
 
 
For NetBSD, this disk must be partitioned, and the NetBSD installer files placed therein.
 
<pre>fdisk /dev/xvda</pre>
 
 
 
From within fdisk,
 
<ul>
 
  <li>delete the existing partition, <b>*which will destroy your current OS image and data*</b></li>
 
  <li>create a new primary partition #1, with first cylinder at default=1 and last cylinder at +32M</li>
 
  <li>create a new primary partition #2, directly after partition 1 and last cylinder at end of disk</li>
 
  <li>change the ID of the new partition #2 to 'a9' (NetBSD)
 
  <li>write the new parition table to the disk.
 
  <li>exit fdisk
 
</ul>
 
 
 
Success to this point is evidenced by the prseence of /dev/xvda1 which must now be formatted, mounted, and a /boot directory created:
 
<pre>mkfs.ext2 /dev/xvda1
 
mount -n /dev/xvda1 /mnt
 
mkdir /mnt/boot
 
mkdir /mnt/boot/grub
 
</pre>
 
 
 
If the file 'netbsd64.tar.gz' exists in /distros, skip over to [[#Unpacking the Installer]]
 
 
 
'''Note:''' if you will be using a -current install, then don't bother with /distros
 
 
 
Otherwise you'll have to proceed here with
 
 
 
===Fetching the Installer===
 
 
 
Substituting actual values observed (above) for
 
YOUR_IP, NETMASK, GATEWAY, and NAMESERVER ...
 
<pre>
 
ifconfig eth0 up YOUR_IP/NETMASK
 
route add default gw GATEWAY eth0
 
echo "nameserver NAMESERVER" >/etc/resolv.conf
 
</pre>
 
 
 
wget and extract to /mnt/boot/ :
 
 
 
<pre>
 
cd /mnt/boot
 
wget ftp://ftp.netbsd.org/pub/NetBSD/NetBSD-5.1/amd64/binary/kernel/netbsd-INSTALL_XEN3_DOMU.gz
 
wget ftp://ftp.netbsd.org/pub/NetBSD/NetBSD-5.1/amd64/binary/kernel/netbsd-XEN3_DOMU.gz
 
gunzip netbsd-INSTALL_XEN3_DOMU.gz
 
gunzip netbsd-XEN3_DOMU.gz
 
</pre>
 
 
 
'''Note:''' if you will be using -current, you must get a current build from NetBSD's releng. (http://releng.netbsd.org).  Check for a successful amd64 build in the log data, then determine the corresponding location in the binary snapshots.
 
 
 
===Configuring Boot Menu===
 
 
 
Create a file boot/grub/menu.lst with this content:
 
 
 
<pre>
 
timeout 5
 
 
 
title NetBSD run
 
        root (hd0,0)
 
        kernel --type=netbsd /boot/netbsd-XEN3_DOMU
 
 
 
title NetBSD install
 
        root (hd0,0)
 
        kernel --type=netbsd /boot/netbsd-INSTALL_XEN3_DOMU
 
</pre>
 
 
 
<b>Skip to [[#Booting the Installer]]</b>
 
 
 
===Unpacking the Installer===
 
This section presumes the presence, in the rescue instance, of /distros/netbsd64.tar.gz
 
<br>Unpack this into the new boot menu, and shutdown.
 
 
 
<pre>tar zxf /distros/netbsd64.tar.gz -C /mnt/boot/
 
shutdown -h now
 
</pre>
 
 
 
 
 
===Booting the Installer===
 
 
 
Returning to [[Prgmr_menu|the control menu on your dom0 host]], change your bootloader selection to 'amd64' instead of 'i386'.  Destroy/shutdown your instance if it is running, and create/start it again, this time selecting first the "user bootloader configuration" from the options presented by the dom0, and after that  select the installer from your new user bootloader. This should take you to the NetBSD  Installer, for which [http://netbsd.org/docs/guide/en/chap-exinst.html#exinst-starting  a tutorial exists at netbsd.org]
 
 
 
Install onto xbd0
 
 
 
When presented with the option, choose
 
<br><b>b: Use existing partition sizes</b>
 
<br>The next screen should show the existing BSD-disklabel partitions, as follows for a 3G allocation.
 
<pre>
 
    Start  MB  End  MB  Size  MB FS type    Newfs Mount Mount point
 
    --------- --------- --------- ---------- ----- ----- -----------
 
a:        0        0        0 unused
 
b:        0        0        0 unused
 
c:        0      3071      3072 NetBSD partition
 
d:        0      3071      3072 Whole disk
 
e:        0        29        30 Linux Ext2
 
f:        30    3071      3041 4.2BSD    Yes  Yes  /
 
g:        0        0        0 unused
 
</pre>
 
 
 
<i>If you're new to NetBSD partitioning, which I am, which is why I'm writing this, refer to [http://netbsd.org/docs/guide/en/chap-inst.html#chap-inst-install-partition this NetBSD Guide section]</i>
 
 
 
In order to install NetBSD properly, lets move the root partition to label:a and create swap.  Select a:, set the partition type to "FFSv2" instead of "unused", and use 'e' as the start of your partition.  Leave space at the end for swap.  I used 128 MB, but you may want more depending on your application and VM allocation.  Make sure to set Newfs, Mount, and Mount point correctly.  Select b: and create swap until the end of the disk (-1).
 
 
 
You can also set the mount point for e:.
 
 
 
Finally, remove (the now obsolete) label:f by setting it to unused.
 
 
 
Here is an example disklabel setup for a 3072M disk
 
with a 30M boot partition:
 
<pre>
 
    Start  MB  End  MB  Size  MB FS type    Newfs Mount Mount point
 
    --------- --------- --------- ---------- ----- ----- -----------
 
a:        30      2942      2912 FFSv2      Yes  Yes  /
 
b:      2943      3071      128 swap
 
c:        0      3071      3072 NetBSD partition
 
d:        0      3071      3072 Whole disk
 
e:        0        29        30 Linux Ext2      Yes  /boot
 
f:        0        0        0 unused
 
</pre>
 
 
 
 
 
Select "accept these sizes" and continue with the installation.
 
 
 
When prompted by the installer, select "use existing bootblocks".
 
 
 
Install by FTP
 
 
 
When prompted by the installer, use the xennet0 device and when it asks for "Network media type" just press enter.
 
 
 
Try to use DHCP.  If it doesn't work,
 
Use the actual values observed (above) for
 
<br>YOUR_IP, NETMASK, GATEWAY, and NAMESERVER
 
<br>when prompted by the installer
 
 
 
 
 
<pre>
 
The installation of NetBSD is now complete.  The system should boot
 
from hard disk.  Follow the instructions in the INSTALL document about final
 
configuration of your system.  The afterboot(8) manpage is another
 
recommended reading; it contains a list of things to be checked after the
 
first complete boot.
 
 
 
At a minimum, you should edit /etc/rc.conf to match your needs.  See
 
/etc/defaults/rc.conf for the default values.
 
</pre>
 
 
 
Reboot.
 
 
 
===Mount boot partition in NetBSD domU===
 
Log in as root.
 
<pre>
 
# mkdir /extboot
 
# vi /etc/fstab
 
</pre>
 
find the line in fstab that contains /dev/xbd0e and make it look like this:
 
<pre>
 
/dev/xbd0e              /extboot        ext2fs    rw              0 0
 
</pre>
 
 
 
Now it will be readable:
 
 
 
<pre>
 
# mount /extboot
 
# cd /extboot/boot/
 
# ls
 
grub                      netbsd-INSTALL_XEN3_DOMU  netbsd-XEN3_DOMU
 
</pre>
 
 
 
 
 
{{u}} {{distros}}
 

Revision as of 20:43, 7 December 2011

Kick the tires and light the fires, polrebm officially solved!